Document Type : Original Article
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Health Metric Research Center, Iranian Institute of Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.
Health Promotion Research Center and Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Physical literacy can consciously support a healthy lifestyle. Adolescents use the Internet, parents, physical education specialists (e.g., sports club coaches and school physical education teachers), and friends to obtain information on physical activity. The purpose of this study is to determine the physical literacy of adolescents according to information acquisition sources of physical activity.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 510 Iranian adolescents aged 16 to 18 years from Tehran high schools were selected by random sampling in the 2021 academic year. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire with two parts: general characteristics and the physical literacy of adolescents 16 to 18 years. The questionnaire contained 34 items across four dimensions: information acquisition skill, information comprehension skill, information assessment skill, and self-care skill. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16.0).
Results: The 510 adolescents in the study consisted of 256 girls (50.2%), and 254 boys (49.8%). The mean physical literacy score was 72.32±13.98 for male adolescents, and 71.15±15.42 for female adolescents and did not show a significant difference (p = 0.370). The one-way ANOVA test did not show a significant difference between the mean score of physical literacy and age groups (p = 0.448), but showed that adolescents who referred to the club coach for information had higher physical literacy (75.52±14.84, p = 0.004).
Conclusion: Adolescents who asked their gym coach for information on physical activity had a higher physical literacy score, indicating the confidence of teenagers in using the information from experts.