Document Type : Original Article
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran AND Instructor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Chinese Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Complementary and Traditional, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Transplant Complications Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Background: The side effects and cost of chemical treatments have resulted in efforts to find more effective treatments with fewer side effects for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients. We aimed to investigate the effect of acupressure on post-void residual volume (PVR), and dysuria in patients with BPH.
Materials and Methods: This study is a single-blind, randomized clinical trial. Thirty patients with mild PBH in Qaem and Imam Reza Hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences were randomly selected into two intervention (15 patients), and control groups (15 patients) via the non-random sampling method. The intervention group received 12 minutes of acupressure with a pressure of 3-4 kg in the correct points (Pang Guangshu, Guanyuan, Shenmen, and San yinjiao), and the control group received acupressure in the sham points for three minutes at each point three times a week for two weeks. The data collection tools were a sample selection form, demographic information form, WAS scale, IPSS scale, and ultrasound to determine PVR. Dysuria and PVR were recorded in the two groups before intervention and 48 hours afterward, and results were compared in the SPSS (version 16.0).
Results: After the intervention, the mean PVR in the intervention group was 32.4±7.59, showing a significant decrease compared to the control group (39.6±9.24, p<0.05). Similarly, the mean dysuria in the intervention group was 2.33±1.45, significantly lower compared to the control group (4.27±2.40, p<0.05).
Conclusion: Applying six sessions of acupressure and pressure of 3-4 kg on the four points of BL-28 (Pang guangshu), CV-4 (Guan yuan), HE-7 (Shenmen), and SP-6 (San yinjiao) for three minutes can reduce the mean of PVR and dysuria in patients with BPH.