MSN, Technical Affairs Department, Baghdad Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.
Instructor, Department of Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Basic Science Department, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Instructor of Pediatrics Department, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Background: The first step in the success of disease prevention and control programs is to raise the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the people in this regard. This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the KAP about COVID-19 in patients with chronic diseases referred to clinics affiliated with teaching hospitals in Iran and Iraq.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1000 patients (Iraqi patients=500) over 18 years of age with chronic diseases referred to Baghdad Medical City (مدینة الطب) in Baghdad (Iraq), and Imam Reza and Ghaem Hospitals in Mashhad (Iran), in 2021. The available sampling was performed, and the standard Akalu knowledge, attitude, and practice questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16.0).
Results: The mean scores of KAP in both groups were unfavorable, but the level of performance in Iranian patients was better than in Iraqi patients (p <0.05). The results of a two-way ANOVA test showed no significant relationship between KAP scores of Iranian and Iraqi patients and baseline and intervening variables (e.g., gender, marital status, education, income) (p> 0.05). The Pearson correlation coefficient test showed a significant inverse correlation between patients’ age and their knowledge and practice scores regarding COVID-19 (p <0.05).
Conclusion: There was an inverse correlation between patients’ age and their knowledge and practice about COVID-19 so that with increasing the age of patients, their knowledge and practice scores about COVID-19 decreased significantly. There was no significant relationship between baseline and intervening variables and patients’ knowledge, attitude, and practice scores.